# Subtraction By 5

## Overview

It is fun to subtract! Subtraction can tell us **how many are left**. We use subtraction to find the **difference** between two groups. Subtraction is the opposite of addition. We can subtract anything!

Many times we have a group of objects and we want to take **exactly five away** from that group.

**For example:**

There are **9** turtles, but **5** turtles are crossed out.

We can SUBTRACT to find out how many ARE LEFT.

This will give us the DIFFERENCE.

When we SUBTRACT **9** minus **5**, we have **4** LEFT.

We say: NINE minus FIVE equals FOUR.

We write it like this: **9 – 5 = 4**

Let’s look at another problem!

There are **7** cars, but **5** cars are crossed out.

We can SUBTRACT to find out how many ARE LEFT.

This will give us the DIFFERENCE.

When we SUBTRACT **7** minus **5**, we have **2** LEFT.

We say: SEVEN minus FIVE equals TWO.

We write it like this: **7 – 5 = 2**

Awesome! We will try another problem with pictures now.

This time we will subtract stars.

We are SUBTRACTING to find out how many are left.

We can see that there were eight stars to start with. Five of the stars are now gone.

When we SUBTRACT **8** minus **5**, we have **3** left.

We say: EIGHT minus FIVE equals THREE.

We write it like this: **8 – 5 = 3**

Try this practice example below!

We are subtracting the number **5** from the number **13**.

The first number in the subtraction sentence is called the **MINUEND**.

The second number in the subtraction sentence is called the **SUBTRAHEND**.

This problem reads as **13 – 5 = 8**.

When the SUBTRAHEND **5** is subtracted from the MINUEND **13**, we get a DIFFERENCE of **8**.

Here’s one last practice example.

In the problem, we start with **13** watermelons. The key words **ARE LEFT** tell us to subtract.

FIVE watermelons are eaten from the group. We can subtract to find the DIFFERENCE.

**13 – 5 = 8 watermelons**

Hoooooray! You are ready to try the practice questions below.

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