True or false in Mushroomland

Yesterday on Gina Zwicky’s Twitter account (@GinaGoesOutside):

(#1) Gina Z: I thought this was a death cap and excitedly sent pictures to my friends. it is a false death cap. I have been juked by a mushroom and now I must go

Three things: Gina Z; true and false death caps; the informal, slangy verb juke‘deceive, outmaneuver’.

Gina Z. My 8/21/20 posting “Moments of charm” has a section on marine biologist Gina Zwicky (in New Orleans), who tweets enthusiastically and charmingly on the living things (creatures and plants) she encounters in her work.

True and false death caps. From Wikipedia:

(#2) A. phalloides, which is umbrella-like in maturity, on the right, but more penis-like in early stages, on the left (hence the name phalloides)

Amanita phalloides, commonly known as the death cap, is a deadly poisonous basidiomycete fungus, one of many in the genus Amanita. Widely distributed across Europe, but now sprouting in other parts of the world, A. phalloides forms ectomycorrhizas with various broadleaved trees. In some cases, the death cap has been introduced to new regions with the cultivation of non-native species of oak, chestnut, and pine. The large fruiting bodies (mushrooms) appear in summer and autumn; the caps are generally greenish in colour with a white stipe and gills. Cap colour is variable, including white forms …, and thus not a reliable identifier.

These toxic mushrooms resemble several edible species (most notably Caesar’s mushroom and the straw mushroom) commonly consumed by humans, increasing the risk of accidental poisoning.

Then from the First Nature site on Amanita citrina var. citrina, False Deathcap:

(#3) Amanita citrina var. citrina

(#4) Amanita citrina var. alba — even more deathcap-like

Amanita citrina, often referred to as the False Deathcap (sometimes written False Death Cap), is an inedible fungus, although not reported to be seriously toxic. In any case great care is necessary because it is easily confused with deadly poisonous
Amanita species such as the Destroying Angel.

The mushroom is found throughout Britain and Ireland, most of mainland Europe, and parts of North America.

The slangy verb juke. From AHD5:

verb juke-2: Football To deceive or outmaneuver (a defending opponent) by a feint; fake. v.intr. To deceive or outmaneuver a defender by a feint. [Middle English jowken, to bend in a supple way.]

Not in NOAD. That dictionary does have an entry for a verb juke, but that verb, with the juke of jukebox, is entirely unrelated to Gina Z’s verb juke, above (“juked by a mushroom”).


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