LGBT news from Stanford

(A posting delayed by assorted computer upheavals at my house and a monster cold, which has caused me to sleep 11 hours a day. In any case, LGBT news bulletins, but no sex at all.))

News from Wednesday the 10th, the monthly Happy Hour! of Stanford’s QUEST group:

(#1) Logo provided by Ryan Tamares for the QUEST website

The gathering (almost all staff these days, and very heavy on librarians of various sorts) was our 8th anniversary event, a return to the Old Pro, a sports bar just up Ramona St. in Palo Alto from my house (yes, a sports bar, but it’s convenient to Stanford, lots of parking, and the CalTrain).

The logo. A one-shot creation at a conference, caught in a photo by Ryan. It incorporates the Stanford tree logo:

(#2)

and of course uses Stanford cardinal as its base color.

The font in the logo in #1 is pleasing, but the image there is fuzzy and indistinct. On behalf of QUEST, I hereby solicit the aid of more tech-savvy readers in designing a better version of the image — though all I can offer in return is my thanks and the thanks of the QUEST conveners, Ryan and Thib Guicherd-Callin.

The Old Pro. A great big, crowded, noisy sports bar with video screens everywhere showing multiple sports events. Not an obvious choice for a band of LGBT folk who mostly want to talk with one another — but approached early enough in the day, with seating out of the main scrum, it can be satisfactory as well as convenient. Ryan and Thib had snagged the table in the front window, on the right in this photo:

(#3)

If you’re seating facing the street (as Ryan and I were), then you can watch people passing on the street, and the only video screens you can see are reflections in the window glass. A good place to be.

(The Old Pro is a Palo Alto institution, located for many years in a big quonset hut to the south of downtown on El Camino.)

Ben Barres. Early in the evening, Ryan and I fell to talking about our Stanford colleague Ben Barres, who died on December 27th and was memorialized shortly thereafter in both the local Stanford Report and the New York Times. As it happens, Ryan, Ben, and I were three of the five Stanford people filmed for the Stanford “It Gets Better” video in 2011 (you can watch it here); the others were Ramzi Salti and Abigail Schairer — a mixture of ages, ethnicities, genders, areas of the university, faculty and staff, and of course LGBT statuses. Ben was middle-aged, Anglo white, male, from the medical school, faculty, and T.

From the Stanford Report on 12/27, the beginning of a story from the Medical School:

Neuroscientist Ben Barres, who identified crucial role of glial cells, dies at 63. The Stanford neuroscientist’s research focused on the cells in the brain that aren’t nerve cells. Collectively called glia, these “other” cells play a central role in sculpting and maintaining the brain’s wiring diagram.

Acclaimed Stanford neuroscientist Ben Barres, MD, PhD, died on Dec. 27, 20 months after being diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. He was 63.

Barres’ path-breaking discoveries of the crucial roles played by glial cells — the unsung majority of brain cells, which aren’t nerve cells — revolutionized the field of neuroscience.

Barres was incontestably visionary yet, ironically, face-blind — he suffered from prosopagnosia, an inability to distinguish faces, and relied on voices or visual cues such as hats and hairstyles to identify even people he knew well. And there were many of them.

The story goes on to describe Ben’s research in detail, noting his remarkable passion for his work and his extraordinary efforts in nurturing students.

The NYT story — “Ben Barres, Neuroscientist and Equal-Opportunity Advocate, Dies at 63” by Neil Genzlinger, on-line on 12/29/17 — was balanced between his neurological research and his advocacy for equal opportunity for women in the sciences:


(#4) Dr. Ben Barres at Stanford University in 2006. “People are still arguing over whether there are cognitive differences between men and women,” he said. “If they exist, it’s not clear they are innate, and if they are innate, it’s not clear they are relevant.”

Ben Barres, a neuroscientist who did groundbreaking work on brain cells known as glia and their possible relation to diseases like Parkinson’s, and who was an outspoken advocate of equal opportunity for women in the sciences, died on Wednesday at his home in Palo Alto, Calif. He was 63.

In announcing the death, Stanford University, where Dr. Barres was a professor, said he had had pancreatic cancer.

Dr. Barres was transgender, having transitioned from female to male in 1997, when he was in his 40s and well into his career. That gave him a distinctive outlook on the difficulties that women and members of minorities face in academia, and especially in the sciences. An article he wrote for the journal Nature in 2006 titled “Does Gender Matter?” took on some prominent scholars who had argued that women were not advancing in the sciences because of innate differences in their aptitude.

“I am suspicious when those who are at an advantage proclaim that a disadvantaged group of people is innately less able,” he wrote. “Historically, claims that disadvantaged groups are innately inferior have been based on junk science and intolerance.”

The article cited studies documenting obstacles facing women, but it also drew on Dr. Barres’s personal experiences. He recounted dismissive treatment he had received when he was a woman and how that had changed when he became a man.

“By far,” he wrote, “the main difference that I have noticed is that people who don’t know I am transgendered treat me with much more respect: I can even complete a whole sentence without being interrupted by a man.”

Dr. Barres (pronounced BARE-ess) was born on Sept. 13, 1954, in West Orange, N.J., with the given name Barbara.

“I knew from a very young age — 5 or 6 — that I wanted to be a scientist, that there was something fun about it and I would enjoy doing it,” he told The New York Times in 2006. “I decided I would go to M.I.T. when I was 12 or 13.”

Barbara did indeed go to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology on a scholarship, graduating in 1976 with a degree in life science, then moving on to Dartmouth Medical School and receiving an M.D. there in 1979.

Dr. Barres became interested in the degeneration of brain function during an internship and residency at Weill Cornell Medical College and returned to school to study it, this time at Harvard Medical School, receiving a Ph.D. in neurobiology there in 1990.

A postdoctoral fellowship took Dr. Barres to University College London and the lab of Dr. Martin Raff, who was studying glia, the cells in the human brain that are not nerve cells. Dr. Barres went to Stanford in 1993, taking his interest in glia with him. In 2008 he became chairman of the neurobiology department.

“Ben pioneered the idea that glia play a central role in sculpting the wiring diagram of our brain and are integral for maintaining circuit function throughout our lives,” said Thomas Clandinin, a professor of neurobiology at Stanford who assumed the chairmanship in April 2016 when Dr. Barres’s cancer was diagnosed. “People had thought glia were mere passive participants in maintaining neural function. Ben’s own work and that of his trainees transformed this view entirely.”

Dr. Barres and researchers working with him studied the three types of glial cells and their role in proper neonatal brain development, as well as the possibility that inflamed glia are a cause of neurodegenerative disorders. Stanford said Dr. Barres published 167 peer-reviewed papers in his career.

To many, though, just as important as his research was his willingness to speak out on sexism and related issues. He called for more day-care support for women in the sciences who also wanted families. He criticized tenure systems that seemed weighted against women. He was furious at male colleagues who bragged about having sex with their female students.

But he also faulted women for being part of some of these problems — particularly women who succeeded despite the obstacles and then acted to protect their hard-won turf.

“Accomplished women who manage to make it to the top may ‘pull up the ladder behind them,’ ” he wrote in the Nature article, “perversely believing that if other women are less successful, then one’s own success seems even greater.”

His objections to the innate-differences arguments brought him criticism, with some arguing that he was trying to stifle unfashionable ideas in a way contrary to the academic tradition of open discussion. He disagreed sharply.

“When faculty tell their students that they are innately inferior based on race, religion, gender or sexual orientation,” he wrote, “they are crossing a line that should not be crossed — the line that divides free speech from verbal violence.”

He did not disagree that there are differences between male and female brains, but did object to the interpretation.

… as he put it in a 2015 letter to The Times prompted by an article about Caitlyn Jenner, “The question is not whether male or female brains are different, but why society insists on labeling male brains as better.”

He is survived by a brother, Donald, and two sisters, Jeanne and Peggy.

To convey that the playing field is often not level for women pursuing careers in math and science, Dr. Barres would sometimes recount an incident from his college days, when he was still Barbara.

“An M.I.T. professor accused me of cheating on this test,” he told The Times. “I was the only one in the class who solved a particular problem, and he said my boyfriend must have solved it for me. One, I did not have a boyfriend. And two, I solved it myself, goddamn it!”

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