From Ben Zimmer yesterday, this find:
“We now have seen the full flowering of the replacing of Alito for O’Connor,” says Walter Dellinger, former acting solicitor general in the Clinton administration. (link)
along with a Twitter message from Calvin Li about the quote:
“replacing of Alito” suggests Alito is being replaced, but “Alito for O’Connor” makes the meaning clear….
That is, the argument structure here is:
(1) replace NEW for OLD
in place of the standard argument structures for replace,
(2) replace OLD by/with NEW
The argument structure in (1) is the one appropriate for substitute:
(3) substitute NEW for OLD
In (1), replace has the syntax of substitute — the opposite of cases of “encroached substitute“, in which substitute has the syntax of replace:
(4) substitute OLD by/with NEW
The question is where (1) comes from.